Blue mountains trail
The Blue Mountains Trail is an immersive adventure through the diverse interconnected eco-regions that comprise the Greater Hells Canyon Region. The trail will take you deep into the mountains, forests, rivers, ecosystems, and communities of northeast Oregon. It shares the living history of why the Blue Mountains are ecologically unique and more parts of it deserve permanent protection.
530 miles through northeast Oregon from Wallowa Lake State Park near Joseph to John Day
7 Wilderness Areas and 1 National Recreation Area in 3 National Forests
Ancestral lands of the Nez Perce, Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla, and Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs
3 Oregon State Parks
Connects with the communities of Joseph, Troy, Tollgate, La Grande, Sumpter, Austin Junction and John Day, with connection opportunities to more nearby towns
Trail connects approaches to notable Blue Mountain summits: Eagle Cap (Wallowas): 9,573 ft - Rock Creek Butte (Elkhorns): 9,106 ft - Strawberry Mountain: 9,042 ft - Vinegar Hill (Greenhorns) 8,131 ft.
It’s official! In 2021, Greater Hells Canyon Council launched Oregon’s newest long-distance trail – forming a 530-mile spiral. Contemplated, mapped, and dreamed of for more than half a century by conservationists, the trail is now tangible.
The route links all seven of Northeast Oregon’s wilderness areas, requires no new trails to be built, limits road walks and bushwhacks, and connects hikers to the communities of Joseph, Troy, Tollgate, La Grande, Sumpter, Austin Junction, and John Day with ties to more nearby towns.
The pace of the past year’s work is as breathtaking as the speed of the first four thru-hikers covering rough terrain, bushwhacking alternative paths, and reporting on conditions. News of the trail’s brilliant peaks, rivers, forests, and wildlife is rippling among long distance hikers, tourism groups, communities, businesses, and conservationists.
Planning your hike
We've put together some wonderful resources to help you plan to do a day hike, section hike, or do the full thru-hike of the trail. Much of the trail is ready to hike starting once the snows melt by the middle of July. If you enjoy hiking through snow on challenging terrain, you can start earlier in the season. Trail conditions vary from well maintained wilderness trails, to areas with overgrown brush, downed trees, and even a few bushwhacks. The following resource pages will help you prepare for whatever length of hike you are planning, and we are also happy to answer questions as you plan your trip.
a brief history of the trail
It began on a horsepacking trip in the 1960s, and got started in earnest in the 1970s. Then called the Blue Mountains Heritage Trail, the idea was to take a love of the Greater Hells Canyon Region and turn it into an internationally-recognized European-style hiking loop. Loren Hughes, former HCPC director and pioneering eastern Oregon conservationist, teamed up with Dick Hentze, Greg Dyson, and Mike Higgins to develop the trail and put the Blue Mountains where they deserve to be on the recreation map of the Pacific Northwest. Together they came up with an 870-mile loop around the Blue Mountains and hoped to develop a network of Bed & Breakfast Inns serving hikers in the communities adjacent to the trail.
The Blue Mountains Heritage Trail received notable press in 2010 when the first section was deemed complete. But a tragedy in Dick's life derailed the project shortly thereafter. Sadly, Loren Hughes passed away in 2016 and Dick Hentze in 2020. We are proud to be carrying on their decades of work and legacy with this new effort to make the Blue Mountains Trail a reality.
BMT founder Loren Hughes along the rim of Hells Canyon.
For a more in-depth history of the trail, please read this article by Oregon Desert Trail Coordinator Renee "She-ra" Patrick: The Blue Mountains Trail - A 60-Year Vision Gains Momentum. Published on Katabatic Gear's blog on Nov. 6, 2020.
trail news and stories from our blog
Oregon Adventure Lab presents Exploring the Blue Mountains
Whitney La Ruffa, Naomi Hudetz, and Mike Unger recount their experience being the first people to hike the full Blue Mountains Trail route. This video includes a brief introduction by Jared Kennedy to the trail, the region, and the work that has gone into creating Oregon's newest long distance hike.
By hiking the full trail, Whitney, Naomi, and Mike were able to provide valuable feedback that has since been incorporated into a revised primary trail route and alternative route options.
Oregon Wild presents Breaking Ground on the Blue Mountains Trail
Renee Patrick joins Whitney La Ruffa, Naomi Hudetz, and Mike Unger with her first solo thru-hike account. Renee, Mike, Whitney, and Naomi tell how they were able to work together to groundtruth new route options and avoid hiking parts of the route that were replaced with better trails.
They are joined by Jared Kennedy and Rob Klavins, Oregon Wild's Northeast Oregon Field Coordinator and GHCC advisor. The webcast includes a useful Q&A at the end.
media and press
Explore Eastern Oregon's Blue Mountains Trail, article by Emily Gillespie for Travel Oregon (July 12, 2021)
Blue Mountains Trail Backpacking & Thru-Hiking Guide is a must-read guide to hiking the Blue Mountains Trail from Naomi Hudetz, Mike Unger and Whitney La Ruffa, with details from their first thru-hike of the trail in 2020. Note, the route has been modified from the version described in their guide.
Renee Patrick Has Hiked the Country’s Most Iconic Long-Distance Trails. Now, She’s Pioneered Oregon’s Newest Epic Route, article and interview by Shannon Gormley for Willamette Week (March 9, 2021)
The Blues Beckon: Four Hikers Complete The New, 566-Mile Blue Mountains Trail, by Jayson Jacoby for the Baker City Herald (January 22, 2021)
She-ra Hikes: 2020 Blue Mountains Trail, by Renee "She-ra" Patrick
The Dago Diaries: Blue Mountains Trail, by Whitney "Allgood" La Ruffa
The Blue Mountains Trail - A 60-year Vision Gains Momentum, by Renee "She-ra" Patrick for Katabatic Gear
The Trail Show #101: The Blue Mountains Trail. Renee "She-ra" Patrick joins the Trail Show podcast and shares her experience thru-hiking the BMT (her segment runs from 13:10 to 35:40).
Keep up with the latest trail news
The best way to stay up-to-date on the trail, including new route and map releases, stories, news, and other inspirational content, is to subscribe to our Blue Mountains Trail newsletter. Click the button to subscribe now.
For all other inquiries, please email Jared Kennedy at firstname.lastname@example.org.